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Food Storage, Emergency Preparedness, Other tips and Ideas. Let me help you get ready for what ever may come!

I started Food Storage over 15 years ago. I have taught many classes and been a speaker and helped many people over the years. This is a place where I can state things or address issues I want to cover.

Thursday, July 7, 2011

Helping Children After a Disaster

Helping Children After a Disaster

By By the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

A catastrophe such as an earthquake, hurricane, tornado, fire, flood, or violent acts is frightening to children and adults alike. It is important to acknowledge the frightening parts of the disaster when talking with a child about it. Falsely minimizing the danger will not end a child's concerns. Several factors affect a child's response to a disaster.

The way children see and understand their parents' responses are very important. Children are aware of their parents' worries most of the time, but they are particularly sensitive during a crisis. Parents should admit their concerns to their children, and also stress their abilities to cope with the situation.

A child's reaction also depends on how much destruction and/or death he or she sees during and after the disaster. If a friend or family member has been killed or seriously injured, or if the child's school or home has been severely damaged, there is a greater chance that the child will experience difficulties.

A child's age affects how the child will respond to the disaster. For example, six-year-olds may show their worries about a catastrophe by refusing to attend school, whereas adolescents may minimize their concerns, but argue more with parents and show a decline in school performance. It is important to explain the event in words the child can understand.

Following a disaster, people may develop Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), which is psychological damage that can result from experiencing, witnessing, or participating in an overwhelmingly traumatic (frightening) event.

Children with this disorder have repeated episodes in which they re-experience the traumatic event. Children often relive the trauma through repetitive play. In young children, upsetting dreams of the traumatic event may change into nightmares of monsters, of rescuing others, or of threats to self or others. PTSD rarely appears during the trauma itself. Though its symptoms can occur soon after the event, the disorder often surfaces several months or even years later.

Parents should be alert to these changes in a child's behavior:

Refusal to return to school and "clinging" behavior, including shadowing the mother or father around the house
Persistent fears related to the catastrophe (such as fears about being permanently separated from parents)
Sleep disturbances such as nightmares, screaming during sleep and bedwetting, persisting more than several days after the event
Loss of concentration and irritability
Startled easily, jumpy
Behavior problems, for example, misbehaving in school or at home in ways that are not typical for the child
Physical complaints (stomachaches, headaches, dizziness) for which a physical cause cannot be found
Withdrawal from family and friends, sadness, listlessness, decreased activity, and preoccupation with the events of the disaster
Professional advice or treatment for children affected by a disaster--especially those who have witnessed destruction, injury or death--can help prevent or minimize PTSD. Parents who are concerned about their children can ask their pediatrician or family doctor to refer them to a child and adolescent psychiatrist.



  1. I just got certified in emergency disaster services and I learned a lot about how different people can handle the trauma of disaster differently, especially children.

  2. That is great. Yes all types of people handle things differently.

    Children can be the most difficult to help. It all depends on the child, the parents and if anyone does any prep or talking about things ahead of time.

    For kids even just having their own flash light and back pack with their stuff will help.

    Do fire drills at home, teach children important phone numbers, all this and more can be done for all ages and all done in a non scary way for them.

    Any preparedness ahead time will help. Even those adults who freak out over the little things. Prepare, practice and be smart about it.